WHAT IS POLIO
Polio, short for Poliomyelitis, Polio is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system. Younger children seem to be targeted more than other group of people.
A once rampant disease now has been eliminated in many countries in the world, thanks to a miraculous drug that was discovered in 1953.
It has been eliminated in nearly every country in the world but there are still several countries in the world where the disease still exist.
Many victims of the virus show no symptom at all but can still spread the disease and cause others to catch it.
Some signs of non-paralytic polio can be headache, fever, sore throat, vomiting and fatigue.
About 1 percent of polio cases can develop into paralytic polio. Paralytic polio leads to paralysis in the back or spinal column,
Some symptoms of the paralytic type of polio include loss of reflexes, severe spasms, muscle pain, floppy limbs, one side of the body, sudden paralysis, deformed limbs especially the hips, ankles, and feet.
This is a little known fact about the disease, even if a victim of polio has recovered, the disease can return even after many years.
Some signs of the return of the disease are muscle and joint weakness, easily to become exhausted or fatigued, having problems breathing and swallowing,
trouble with concentration and memory.
HOW CAN SOME BECOME INFECTED
Polio is a very highly contagious virus, polio transmits through contact with feces.
Children toys that have come near infected feces, or bathroom cleaning tools can also transmit the virus.
Transmission can occur through a sneeze or a cough, as the virus lives in the throat and intestines.
People living in areas with no access to running water or toilets can contract the virus from drinking water that contaminated by animal waste.
Taking a trip to an area where the disease still is active should be of a great concern to you if you’ve not been vaccinated. Have visitors from an area where polio still active.
HOW CAN POLIO BE MEDICALLY TREATED
Doctors can only treat polio while the infection is actively running its course.
Although the best way is to get a vaccination against it, after the disease has begun the doctor may or bed rest, medications for pain, drugs to relax muscles, drugs for urinary tract infections, ventilators to help with breathing, physical therapy.
Polio is a highly contagious virus that can result in spinal cord and brain stem paralysis.
It would be wise that every country that doesn’t have a campaign against the horrid disease start one immediately so that all child would be immunized by their second month after birth.
The vaccination of young children in every part of the world could mean world free of the disease and no more suffering due to contracting it.