A resurgence of once nearly erradicated diseases!

DISEASES

The resurgence of diseases once thought to be nearly eradicated is showing up again. This rising problem is of a major concern to both our health officials here in the United States, but also in countries around the world.

Diseases like whooping cough, scarlet fever and tuberculosis have risen sharply in the last few y

THE BUBONIC PLAGUE

This plague, called the Black Death, killed over half of Europe s population in the middle ages, still has not been totally eradicated.

It has been said that as many as seventy-five million people lost their lives during the middle ages due to this disease. There are still areas of the world where people still experience this horrible disease.

This disease does not discriminate, taking and destroying men, women and children its wake.
Painful, swollen lymph nodes are a common occurrence with this deadly disease. After a few days to a week, headache, shaking, chills, vomiting, diarrhea and fever occur.

This killer can also infect the blood of its victim and the blood. It is said to have arrived in Europe around 1347, ships that were trading with different parts of the world during that period, were said to be the carriers of the “Black Death”.

HOW DOES A PERSON GET THE DISEASE

Usually, you get the plague from the bite of an
infected flea or rodent. In rare cases, from a piece of
contaminated clothing or other material used by a person with plague, enter the
body through an opening in the skin.

IS IT CONTAGIOUS?
The plague is rarely spread from person to person. Even in our modern times, sadly, this Black Death rears its ugly head in impoverished countries, where rodents are over running the inhabitants and infected people are not receiving the proper medical attention in time to stop it.

But it is clearly a disease that cannot be spread about by human contact. Whenever a person is suspected of having the disease, there are antibiotics that can be very effective when the disease is caught in time.

WHOOPING COUGH

Whooping cough is an infection that gets into your nose and throat. Some symptoms are coughing, sneezing, runny nose and fever. Most of the people that have this disease may have coughing spells, but everyone doesn’t have these.

Whooping cough can be extremely dangerous in younger children because during the coughing spells that occur with the disease, the child could actually stop breathing.

THE TREATMENT

If doctors diagnose whooping cough early on, medications
can help cut down coughing and other symptoms. They can also help
prevent the infection from spreading to others.

The problem is that sometimes, diagnosis is made too late for the medicine to work at all. Don’t use over-the-counter cough medicine, they have little or no effect at all.

These bacteria are highly contagious, as it can be transmitted through the air, or contact with sputum of a person that has it.

Most effected are persons are those that have a weakened immune system, children whose immune system is not yet capable of handling this disease account for more than half of those infected.

Usually, the symptoms of this disease tend to appear between five and 10 days after infection. It is common, in the early stages, to
experience flu-like or cold-like symptoms. This includes a sore throat
and a fever. However, what actually characterizes whooping cough is that the
cough persists even when other symptoms disappear. Sometimes, the
cough is so persistent that people do not have time to properly breathe.

THE DANGERS OF WHOOPING COUGH

Whooping cough can be lethal. This is why you need to know what whooping cough is and how can
you prevent it. Early detection is vital so that
complications can be avoided. Complications directly associated with whooping cough are:
– Pneumonia if the bacteria gets to the lungs

– Bleeding in the eye due to tension caused by the cough

– Seizures due to lack of oxygen to the brain

– Death

Scarlet Fever

The signs and symptoms include a sore throat, moderate to high fever, headaches, swollen lymph nodes and a rash.

Kid ages 5 and up may be at risk of getting this very dangerous disease, which is related to strep throat. The disease gets its name from the bright red rash that develops on the victim which is its trademark. If left untreated it causes harm to the heart, kidneys and other parts of the body.

The redness in the face and tongue usually lasts about a week or so.
after then the skin that was affected by the rash usually peels away. A very sore throat, nausea and vomiting.
If you should see these signs accompanied by a fever, seek medical attention immediately.
Help your child as they deal with the effects of this disease by giving them acetaminophen or ibuprofen to help lower the fever.
Give your child plenty of fluid to avoid dehydration and allow them to gargle with warm salt water, or a lozenge to ease the pain in their throat.
By all means, make sure that whatever medications are given to the child or adult are taken as prescribed.TUBERCULOSIS (TB)Tuberculosis is a very contagious and dangerous disease that affects the lungs.
Even though most people associate it with the lung being effected, the brain and spine can also be at risk of being infected by this known killer.
Even though multiplied thousands succumbed to this dreaded disease, today’s technology has given us miraculous breakthroughs, that have all but eliminated this horrid disease.DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENTThe most common way to diagnose tuberculosis is the skin test.
You are usually given an injection of a substance just below the skin. A doctor of technician will check the injection site to see if a hard bump has developed within 48 to 72 hours. The size of the bump determines whether the test results are significant.
The skin test aren’t perfect, however, there are other tests that can be given to further substantiate if the patient has TB or not.There several drugs that can be given to fight this menace and several of them are: Isoniazid, and Pyrazinamide.Be aware that there are a few more diseases that have not been addressed here.
The advice that I feel that would be appropriate is to be very observant of your children and yourself of any swelling of the lymph nodes, suspicious looking rashes, High temperatures, sore throat and other signs of something that doesn’t look normal.
Maintain good hygiene, control potential carriers of disease and make yourself educated of the signs that accompany these dreaded diseases.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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